Access control is an important part of both logical and physical security systems. Multiple companies, in this light, seek to develop top-notch technologies to come up with sophisticated secure access technology. The ultimate goal lies in making access as convenient, secure and smooth as possible for staff members with required authorization.
Access controls models rely on authorization, identification, and authentication of staff members to verify the identity of the entrant. The models use login credentials such as personal identification numbers, biometric scans, security tokens, and passwords.
Access control mechanisms authorize and authenticate software applications and employees during entry. Additionally, they allow users to connect to computer resources like web servers and distributed applications. Below are some of the commonly used types of access control models.
Video Analytics Interface
Surveillance cameras are useful devices for protecting your organization. However, modern technology does not allow us to watch long hours of footage. Video analytics algorithms, in this light, compare the surveillance footage to some of its data models. Consequently, the algorithm comes up with accurate business intelligence. Given that the video analytic algorithm is smarter than the everyday surveillance camera, it is capable of predicting some of its observations. Abnormal behavior is thus detected easily.
In as far as access control is concerned, video analytics algorithms enable business owners to enjoy some form of freedom. This freedom is attributed to the fact that organization owners are alerted once abnormal behavior in the footage is observed. Moreover, the video analytics algorithm can send the alerts remotely, so even if you are not around, you will know that there is some abnormal behavior going on.
Biometric Systems and Basic Intercom
Intercom systems are made to allow communication between staff members inside the building and those at entryways. Intercoms are used to ensure that only authorized staff members gain entry. Intercoms are not the only option available to business owners who seek to monitor business entrances. Biometric readers and turnstiles are other effective options. Biometric access control models are effective and convenient since employees do not have to carry with them ID cards everywhere they go.
Swipe Readers and Proximity Cards
Swipe readers are used in collaboration with swipe cards to easily stop intruders from getting access into the organization’s premises. Swipe cards can give authorized staff members access to various parts of the premises.
The cards work by using magnetic strips, but there are numerous other forms of verification available in the market. For example, some cards use RFID chips (Radio Frequency Identification), while others offer swipe-less access. All in all, there is always a reader system at the entrance, and a card used to prove the identity of the entrant. The door is made to lock automatically after it closes, thus ensuring that the building is more secure.
Discretionary Access Control
DAC allows the administrators to establish policies that control who or what is authorized to use particular computing privileges. Most DAC systems allow the administrators to determine access propagation. One caveat of DAC systems, however, lies in their lack of centralized controls.
Rule-Based Access Control
This access control system allows administrators to determine rules and regulations that control access to computing assets.
Contactless Smart Card Access Control Systems
Smart Card Access Control systems offer a cheap and effective way of securing your business. The contactless card is used to provide attendance records, clearance to log into particular computers and opening doors.
Role-Based Access Control
RBAC systems use pre-determined organizational functions to control access to computer resources. RBAC systems are complicated in their operations.
Mandatory Access Control
MAC controls regulations and rights via a multilayered central authority. In this model, system resources are categorized according to their security level. Moreover, the model controls access to protected computing assets depending on the security clearance of the application.
Attribute-based Access Control
Attribute-based Access Control model is a methodology that regulates access rights through evaluating a set of policies, rules, and relationships. The model achieves this by using the attributes of systems, users, and environmental conditions.
In conclusion, control access systems mitigate security risks faced by your business. The above list of control access models is not conclusive; there are numerous other access control systems like combination technology readers and photo identification systems. These options can all be implemented to fit your business needs precisely.